How do Republicans ever get more than 1%?

The Arizona Republic has been getting death threats since its conservative editorial board endorsed Mrs. Clinton. You can read about it here.

What’s going on?

Just this. For the last 100 years, the Republicans have been using pseudo-issues to win elections. It just turns out that poor uneducated whites will vote against their own economic best interests if they know that others (minorities and women) will be hurt.

Once again, I have to bring up this study:

Also, nearby or visible poverty makes us happier:

We are happier near visible poverty

Firebaugh, G. & Schroeder, M. (2009). Does Your Neighbor’s Income Affect Your Happiness?. American Journal of Sociology, 115 (3), 805-831.

Abstract: The relative income or income status hypothesis implies that people should be happier when they live among the poor. Findings on neighborhood effects suggest, however, that living in a poorer neighborhood reduces, not enhances, a person’s happiness. Using data from the American National Election Study linked to income data from the U.S. census, the authors find that Americans tend to be happier when they reside in richer neighborhoods (consistent with neighborhood studies) in poorer counties (as predicted by the relative income hypothesis). Thus it appears that individuals in fact are happier when they live among the poor, as long as the poor do not live too close.

And, by the way, this happiness is real (biological) euphoria:

Others’ pain is our biological euphoria

Takahashi, H., Kato, M., Matsuura, M., Mobbs, D., Suhara, T. & Okubo, Y. (2009). When your gain is my pain and your pain is my gain: neural correlates of envy and schadenfreude. Science, 323 (5916), 937-39.

Abstract: We often evaluate the self and others from social comparisons. We feel envy when the target person has superior and self-relevant characteristics. Schadenfreude occurs when envied persons fall from grace. To elucidate the neurocognitive mechanisms of envy and schadenfreude, we conducted two functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. In study one, the participants read information concerning target persons characterized by levels of possession and self-relevance of comparison domains. When the target person's possession was superior and self-relevant, stronger envy and stronger anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) activation were induced. In study two, stronger schadenfreude and stronger striatum activation were induced when misfortunes happened to envied persons. ACC activation in study one predicted ventral striatum activation in study two. Our findings document mechanisms of painful emotion, envy, and a rewarding reaction, schadenfreude.

Conversely, nearby wealth makes us depressed:

Wealthy neighbors decrease our happiness

Haushofer, J., Reisinger, J. & Shapiro, J. (2015). Your Gain Is My Pain: Negative Psychological Externalities of Cash Transfers.

Abstract: We use a randomized controlled trial of unconditional cash transfers in Kenya to study the effects of exogenous changes in the wealth of neighbors on psychological wellbeing, consumption, and assets. We find that increases in neighbors’ wealth strongly decrease life satisfaction and moderately decrease consumption and asset holdings. The decrease in life satisfaction induced by transfers to neighbors more than offsets the direct positive effect of transfers, and is largest for individuals who did not receive a direct transfer themselves. We find evidence of hedonic adaptation, in that the negative spillover effect of transfers to neighbors decreases over time, at a rate similar to that of direct transfers.

And here is another. It turns out that no less than 50% of humanity belongs in the Basket of Deplorables. Fifty percent. Exactly Trump’s voting demographic.

We are happy to make little money if others make even less

Solnick, A. & Hemenway, D. (1998). Is more always better?: A survey on positional concerns. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Vol. 37, 373-383.

Abstract: We use survey data to provide some empirical information about concerns regarding relative standing. Respondents chose between a world where they have more of a good than others and one where everyone's endowment of the good is higher, but the respondent has less than others. Questions asked about education, attractiveness and intelligence for one's child and oneself, income, vacation time, approval and disapproval from a supervisor, and papers to write. Half of the respondents preferred to have 50% less real income but high relative income. Concerns about position were strongest for attractiveness and supervisor's praise and weakest for vacation time.