Satanic Backmasking


Backmasked messages cannot even be discerned

Averill, D. (1982). Did the Devil Make You Do It?.


Subliminal messages have no effect on choice behavior

Egermann, H., Kopiez, R. & Reuter, C. (2007). Is there an effect of subliminal messages in music on choice behavior?.


Backmasking has no effect on attitude

Swart, L. C. & Morgan, C. L. (1992). Effects of subliminal backward-recorded messages on attitudes.


Backmasked messages only exit when suggested

Thorne, Stephen B. & Himelstein, Philip (1984). The role of suggestion in the perception of satanic messages in rock-and-roll recordings.


Backmasking is ineffective

Vokey, J. (2005). Backmasking has no effect on behavior.