Satanic Backmasking

1982

Backmasked messages cannot even be discerned

Averill, D. (1982). Did the Devil Make You Do It?.

2007

Subliminal messages have no effect on choice behavior

Egermann, H., Kopiez, R. & Reuter, C. (2007). Is there an effect of subliminal messages in music on choice behavior?.

1992

Backmasking has no effect on attitude

Swart, L. C. & Morgan, C. L. (1992). Effects of subliminal backward-recorded messages on attitudes.

1984

Backmasked messages only exit when suggested

Thorne, Stephen B. & Himelstein, Philip (1984). The role of suggestion in the perception of satanic messages in rock-and-roll recordings.

2005

Backmasking is ineffective

Vokey, J. (2005). Backmasking has no effect on behavior.