Goals

1999

Gollwitzer on implementation intentions

Gollwitzer, Peter (1999). Implementation Intentions: Strong Effects of Simple Plans.

2009

Admiration retards achievement

Gollwitzer, Peter M., Sheeran, Paschal, Michalski, Verena & Seifert, Andrea (2009). When Intentions Go Public: Does Social Reality Widen the Intention-Behavior Gap?.

2011

Positive fantasies lower energy and undermine achievement

Kappes, Heather Barry & Oettingen, Gabriele (2011). Positive fantasies about idealized futures sap energy.

2012

Positive fantasies lower academic effort and prevent success

Kappes, Heather Barry & Oettingen, Gabriele (2012). Positive fantasies predict low academic achievement in disadvantaged students.

2011

Sad mood increases success

Kappes, Heather Barry, Oettingen, Gabriele, Mayer, Doris & Maglio, Sam (2011). Sad mood promotes self-initiated mental contrasting of future and reality.

2011

Watching others succeed undermines motivation

McCulloch, Kathleen, Fitzsimons, Gráinne, Chua, Sook Ning & Albarracin, Dolores (2011). Vicarious goal satiation.

1991

Positive fantasies prevent weight loss

Oettingen, Gabriele & Wadden, Thomas A. (1991). Expectation, fantasy, and weight loss: Is the impact of positive thinking always positive?.

1997

Implementation intentions facilitate retrieval of intentions in memory and reduce past-in-your-future

Orbell, Sheina, Hodgldns, Sarah & Sheeran, Paschal (1997). Implementation Intentions and the Theory of Planned Behavior.